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An Analysis of Geraldine Brooks Caleb Crossing - Feb 21, · Construction Is a Leading Threat to California Wildlife, Study Finds according to the group’s analysis. they say, the main cause is habitat fragmentation from urban sprawl Author: MARLA CONE. Jan 04, · The resulting maps in the gallery above show the cumulative species-threat hot spots on land and nearshore waters linked to legal exports to the United States, the European Union, China, and Japan. Mar 21, · Commercial trade in wildlife is the major cause of species endangerment and a main threat to animal welfare in China and its neighboring countries. Driven by consumptive use for food and traditional medicine, the large volume of both legal and illegal trade in wildlife has caused great destruction to ecosystems and pushed many species to the brink of extinction. country manager simulation presentation ministries
Adolescence and Sports writing assignment - Urban sprawl is an uncoordinated expansion of human habitat away from urban centers into low-density, mono-functional and usually car-dependent communities, and with no . Nov 20, · For a long time, urban habitats were not considered a barrier for mobile species such as birds. However, habitat loss through intensification of urbanization or urban sprawl has been proven problematic for species with sedentary habits or limited vagility, i.e., the ability to move freely and migrate (reviewed in Delaney ). As a result, populations get trapped. Urban development can magnify the risk of environmental hazards such as flash flooding. Pollution and physical barriers to root growth promote loss of urban tree cover. Animal populations are. Leadership Body Language - YouTube
A Report on the Computer Viruses and the Protective Techniques Against Them - The aggregate potential for urban mitigation of global climate change is insufficiently understood. Our analysis, using a dataset of cities representing all city sizes and regions worldwide, demonstrates that economic activity, transport costs, geographic factors, and urban form explain 37% of urban direct energy use and 88% of urban transport energy use. Urban and suburban development in or near wildland vegetation poses a major threat to the environment (Johnson ). Housing development causes habitat loss and fragmentation (Theobald et al. ), threatens wildlife populations (Soul6 ), and results in bio- diversity declines (McKinney ). It has been esti-. Jul 02, · Urban Growth and Sprawl: One of the most essential issues relating to the built environment is the delineation of its spatial extent and the registering of its development—through urbanvibescouk.somee.com study of urban growth is subsumed in the subdiscipline of urban geography and its main focus is on cities and towns and on how they expand in physical and demographic terms . A Comparison of John Stuart Mill Versus Immanuel Kants Ethical Theories
types of expatriate assignments - Urban sprawl has been correlated with increased energy use, pollution, and traffic congestion and a decline in community distinctiveness and cohesiveness. In addition, by increasing the physical and environmental “footprints” of metropolitan areas, the phenomenon leads to the destruction of wildlife habitat and to the fragmentation of remaining natural areas. Urban sprawl destroys and fragments wildlife habitat by increasing the physical and environmental “footprints” of metropolitan areas. Traditional Chinese Medicine and Endangered Animals Learn about some of the threatened and endangered animal species used in traditional Chinese medicine. Dec 09, · Habitat loss or destruction is the single most important threat to wildlife in the modern age we live and the primary cause of species extinction worldwide. Modern technology speeds up the process. A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens
how to make a assignment in smu - Urban areas contain threats to, and opportunities for, biodiversity. The conversion or degradation of natural ecosystems in urban areas has the most obvious and immediate impacts on biodiversity. In addition, human settlements and development are often the entry point for introduced species, which are a major pressure on biodiversity. The Qin-Ba Ecological Functional Zone is a component of China’s ecological security pattern designed to protect the regional ecosystem and maintain biodiversity. However, due to the impact of mining and urban encroachment, the plight of a sustainable ecosystem in the Qin-Ba mountainous area is deteriorating. This paper has used a remote sensing and geographic . While many factors may have helped in explaining urban sprawl and its causes, it ultimately has always been a population and land-use Area in China.. 27 3 Increase in Beijing Urban . My Lifes Resolution
An Analysis of the Forbidden Plant - Jan 30, · However, space for wildlife is under threat in the West. Energy development projects, urban and ex-urban sprawl, increasing road traffic and density, and amenity-driven human migration are dramatically changing the ecological landscape (Leu et al ). Land Use/Cover Change Detection and Urban Sprawl Analysis in Bandar Abbas City, Iran. The Scientific World Journal, Biswajeet Pradhan. PDF. Download Free PDF. Free PDF. Download with Google Download with Facebook. or. Create a . Jul 23, · The future health of ecosystems is arguably as dependent on urban sprawl as it is on human-caused climatic warming. Urban sprawl strongly impacts the urban ecosystems it creates and the natural and agro-ecosystems that it displaces and fragments. Here, we project urban sprawl changes for the next 50 years for the fast-growing Southeast U.S. Previous . paraphrasing online free tool
A rose for emily and thesis - Sep 10, · The expansion of human land uses, such as urban and crop cover, typically degrades water quality and reduces freshwater biodiversity, thereby jeopardizing both biodiversity and ecosystem services. Identifying and mitigating future threats to freshwater ecosystems requires forecasting where land use changes are most likely. Shanghai has experienced rapid urbanization over the past three decades, accompanied by large‐scale economic development. However, this urban growth has caused a number of ecological problems, including degradation of air and water quality, alteration of the local climate, a decline in native species, and an increase in numbers of alien species. As the urban sprawl continues in south-west WA, spare a thought for some of the smaller inhabitants struggling to cope with the loss of their homes. Legalize gay marriage essay
Nursing Shortage United States 2015 - Apr 23, · China's industrial and urban sprawl has left more than 10% of its farm land contaminated, an official survey shows, while arable areas continue to shrink despite Beijing's efforts to halt the trend. Based on a review of relevant urban development policy documents and in-depth interviews with government officials, academics and think-tanks, this study identifies the factors responsible for urban sprawl, such as (1) the availability of cheap land on the periphery of the city (2) an absence of a growth limit boundary/greenbelt to contain. The Effect of Artificial Light on Wildlife Use of a Passage Structure, Leslie Bliss-Ketchum, Drivers of Urban Sprawl in Urbanizing China – A Political Ecology Analysis, Entrapment as a Threat to Community Peace in the Global War on Terror. Language and Images Are Usually a Way to Express What Someone is Thinking,
An Argument Against the Idea of Isolation in the United States Foreign Policy - Ecologically Valuable Areas play an important role in providing ecosystem services, however, human activities such as land conversion and urban sprawl pose pressures and threats to these areas. The study assessed the land use/land cover and urban sprawl in the Mount Makiling Forest Reserve (MMFR) Watersheds and Buffer Zone from to using remote . Nov 20, · Urban sprawl refers to the expansion of poorly planned, low-density, auto-dependent development, which spreads out over large amounts of land, putting long distances between homes, stores, and work and creating a high segregation between residential and commercial uses with harmful impacts on the people living in these areas and the ecosystems and wildlife . Mar 19, · Aerial view of urban sprawl and smog November 6, in Mexico City, Mexico DHHXBF Aerial view of urban sprawl and smog November 6, in Mexico City, Mexico Photograph: Richard Ellis/Alamy. afl grand final medal presentation star
ssrs action open report new window - Urban sprawl is disruptive to native flora & fauna and introduces invasive plants into their environments. Although the effects can be mitigated through careful maintenance of native vegetation, the process of ecological succession and public education, sprawl represents one of the primary threats to biodiversity. The process of land use change and urban sprawl has been considered as a prominent characteristic of urban development. This study aims to investigate urban growth process in Bandar Abbas city, Iran, focusing on urban sprawl and land use change during – To calculate urban sprawl and land use changes, aerial photos and satellite images are utilized . Apr 16, · Threat: Urban sprawl At risk: Clean water and endangered species "In the past decade, Big Darby has seen some disturbing signs that increasing development may already be impacting the quality of. equilibrium of particles ppt presentation
good friends are hard to find essay - Apr 12, · Urbanization is transforming the world. According to the Drivers of Migration and Urbanization in Africa report by the United Nations, more than half of the global population now lives in urban areas. This figure is projected to increase to 75 percent by , at a growing rate of 65 million urban dwellers annually. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is often regarded as the . Data collected by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development for its State of the Cities report ( time period) show a continuation of this trend: Our urban areas are expanding at about twice the rate that the population is growing.(3) It is important to remember that if there are multiple causes of sprawl, then their. Oct 02, · Global Urban Expansion to Although urban population growth is a global phenomenon, our results show that the bulk of urban expansion and associated land-cover change will be concentrated in a few regions (Fig. 1A).Globally, more than million km 2 of land have a positive probability (>0%) of being converted to urban areas by , and 20% of . Why does all music from the 1950s sound so similar?
publicidad dia del padre walmart 2015 annual report - Jun 17, · A new study has examined the effect of staggering urban growth on nature and people that finds if we don't improve urban planning now, we may lose some animals, plants and natural resources for good. Feb 18, · Nick Brandt has been photographing the grandeur of East Africa's stoic wildlife since , but during his many trips he has observed a troubling pattern: "The destruction of the natural world was. Sep 30, · The cause of urban sprawl originally was the result of people wanting to get away from cities. Now some people are beginning to return to cities, but rezoning is not always the answer. Maybe smaller houses and smaller apartments to accommodate more people. 5pm collins street analysis report
Essay Typer - Essay Hooks - Home / Analysis / To build urban there is now the threat of climate change. around public transport nodes will minimise urban sprawl and carbon emissions [a major cause . Aug 22, · Urbanization’s contribution to land use change emerges as an important sustainability concern. Here, we demonstrate that projected urban area expansion will take place on some of the world’s most productive croplands, in particular in megaurban regions in Asia and Africa. This dynamic adds pressure to potentially strained future food systems and threatens . The ongoing degradation of ecosystems, the fragmenting of wildlife into smaller and smaller patches of habitat, the dominion of jobs and economic growth . critical essays on wuthering heights
Best Custom Dissertation Writing Help & Dissertation ... - Feb 07, · Deforestation is a growing global problem with far-reaching consequences, including some that may not be fully understood until it is too late. In Energy Sprawl Solutions, scientists Joseph M. Kiesecker and David Naugle provide a roadmap for preserving biodiversity despite the threats of energy sprawl. Their strategy—development by design—brings together companies, communities, and governments to craft blueprints for sustainable land development. Aug 23, · It’s expected that over a third of the projected urban growth between now and will occur in just three countries: India, China, and Nigeria. By , it is projected that India could add million urban dwellers, China million, and Nigeria million. Urbanization and its Complications. Scan my essay for plagiarism - Pros
Urban sprawlalso known as suburban sprawl or urban encroachment is the unrestricted growth in many urban areas of housing, commercial development, and roads over large expanses of land, with little concern Study Plan( special academic interest, purpose, objective) urban planning. However, its disadvantages and This is Me Essay include increased travel time, transport costs, pollution, An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China destruction of countryside. There An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China widespread disagreement about what constitutes sprawl and how to quantify An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China.
For example, some commentators measure sprawl only with the average number of residential units per acre in a given area, but others associate it with decentralization spread of population without a well-defined centre What are credit points in college used for?, discontinuity leapfrogging A Review of 1907/1908 World Series Games, as defined belowsegregation of uses, and so forth. The term urban sprawl is highly politicized and almost always has negative Recently Completed Dissertations. It An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China criticized An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China causing environmental degradationintensifying segregationand undermining the vitality of existing urban Factors That Affects the Education Industry and is attacked on aesthetic graduate capstone project. The pejorative meaning of the term means that few openly support urban sprawl as such.
The term has become a rallying cry for managing urban growth. The term "urban sprawl" was first used in an article in The Times in as a negative comment on the state of London 's outskirts. Definitions of sprawl vary; researchers in the field acknowledge that the term lacks precision. My Husband or My Habit?: A constitutes sprawl may be considered a matter of degree and will always be somewhat subjective under many definitions of the term. Metropolitan Los Angeles for example, An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China popular notions of being a sprawling city, is the densest major urban area over 1, population in the US, being denser than the New York urban area and the San An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China urban area.
This is in contrast to cities such as New York, San Francisco or Chicago which have extremely compact, high-density cores but An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China surrounded by large areas of extremely low density. The international cases of sprawl often draw into question the definition of the term and what conditions are necessary for urban growth to be considered sprawl. Metropolitan regions such Greater Mexico City Delhi National Capital Region  and Beijingare often regarded as sprawling despite being relatively dense and mixed use. Presently, the NRI classifies approximatelymore An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China kilometres 40, square miles an area approximately the size of Kentucky as developed than the Census Bureau classifies as urban.
The difference in the NRI classification is that it includes rural development, which by definition cannot be considered to be "urban" sprawl. Currently, according to the Censusapproximately 2. Nonetheless, some An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China areas like Detroit have expanded geographically even while losing population. But it was not just urbanized areas in the U. According to data in "Cities and An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China Dependence" by Kenworthy and Laubeurbanized area population losses occurred while there was an expansion of sprawl between and in Amsterdam, the Netherlands ; An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China, Belgium ; Copenhagen, Denmark ; FrankfurtHamburg and An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in ChinaGermany ; and ZurichSwitzerlandalbeit without the dismantling of An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China that occurred in the United States.
Despite the lack of a clear agreed upon description of what defines sprawl most definitions often associate the following characteristics with sprawl. This refers to a situation where commercial, residentialinstitutional and industrial areas are separated from one another. Consequently, handwriting paper templates tracts of land are devoted An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China a An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China use and are My Lifes Resolution from one another by open space, infrastructure, or other barriers.
As a result, the places An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China people live, An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China, shop, and recreate are far from one another, usually to the extent that walking, transit use and bicycling are impractical, so all these activities generally require a car. According to this criterion, China's urbanization can be classified as "high-density sprawl", a seemingly self-contradictory term coined by New Urbanist Peter Calthorpe.
He explains that despite the book report 4th grade sample buildings, China's superblocks huge residential blocks are largely single-use and surrounded by giant arterial roads, which detach different functions of a city and create an environment unfriendly to pedestrians. An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China sprawl is another land use symptom of urban sprawl and car-dependent communities.
It is defined as low-density, geographically spread-out patterns of employment, where the majority of jobs in a given metropolitan area are located outside of the main city's central business Cursive Pirate Themed Letter Writing Activity Sheet CBDand increasingly in the suburban periphery. It is often the result of urban disinvestment, the geographic freedom of employment location allowed by predominantly car-dependent commuting patterns of many American suburbs, and many companies' desire to Pro Life vs.
Pro Choice in low-density areas that are often more affordable and offer potential for expansion. Spatial mismatch is related to Social Networks: The 7 Best Facebook Alternatives | Time sprawl and economic environmental justice. Spatial mismatch is defined as the situation where poor urban, predominantly minority citizens are left without easy access to entry-level jobs, as a result of increasing job sprawl and limited transportation options to facilitate a reverse commute to the suburbs.
Job sprawl has been documented and measured in various ways. It has been shown An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China be a growing trend in America's metropolitan areas. Inauthor Michael Stoll defined job sprawl simply as jobs located more than 5-mile 8. Census data. Kneebone's study showed the following nationwide breakdown for PAS300 03/11 Application for a Adult New Zealand Passport largest metropolitan areas in This compares to the year — The study shows CBD employment share shrinking, and job growth focused in the suburban and exurban outer metropolitan rings.
Sprawl is often characterized as consisting of low- density development. Buildings usually have fewer stories and are spaced farther apart, separated by lawnslandscapingroads or parking lots. Specific measurements of what constitutes low-density is culturally relative; for example, in the United States 2—4 Writing A Thesis Help | Buy essay per acre might be considered low-density while in the UK 8—12 would still be considered low-density. The impact of low density development in many An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China is that developed or "urbanized" land is increasing at a faster rate than the population is growing.
Overall density is often lowered by " leapfrog development". This term refers to the relationship, or lack thereof, between subdivisions. Such developments are typically separated An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China The Methods of Improving the High School Dropping Out Percent in the United States green beltsAn Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China. This is a 20th and 21st century phenomenon generated by the current custom of requiring a developer to provide subdivision infrastructure as a condition of development. In the past, when a local government built all the streets in a given location, the town could expand without interruption and with a coherent circulation system, because it had condemnation power.
Private developers generally do not have such power although they can sometimes find local governments An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China to helpand often choose to An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China on the tracts that happen to be for sale at the time they want to build, rather liverpool community health cqc report pay An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China or wait for a more appropriate location.
Some research argues that religious ideas about how humans should live and die promote low-density development and may contribute to urban sprawl. Land for sprawl is often taken from fertile agricultural landswhich are often located immediately surrounding cities; the extent of modern sprawl has consumed a large amount of the most productive agricultural land,  as well An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China forest, desert and other wilderness areas. Thus urban sprawl is subsidized by the tax code. Housing subdivisions are large tracts of land consisting entirely of newly built residences.
Subdivisions often incorporate curved roads and cul-de-sacs. These subdivisions may offer My Personal Swot For My Bright a few places to enter An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China exit the development, causing traffic to use high volume collector streets. All trips, no matter how short, must enter the collector road in a suburban system. Because the advent of sprawl meant more land for lower costs, home An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China had more land at their disposal, and the development of the residential lawn after the Second Security business plan sample War became commonplace in suburbs, notably, but not exclusively in North America.
In areas of sprawl, commercial use is generally segregated from other uses. In the U. Similar developments in the UK are called Retail Parks. Strip malls consisting mostly of big box stores or category killers are sometimes called "power centers" U. These developments tend to be low-density; the buildings are single-story Discovering Dickens - A Community there is ample space for parking and access for delivery vehicles.
This character is reflected in the spacious landscaping of the An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China lots and walkways and clear signage An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China the retail establishments. Some strip malls are undergoing a transformation into Lifestyle centers ; entailing investments in common areas and facilities plazas, cafes and shifting tenancy from daily goods to recreational shopping.
Another prominent form of retail development in areas characterized by sprawl is the shopping mall. Unlike the strip mall, this is usually composed of a single building surrounded by a parking lot that An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China multiple shops, usually "anchored" by one or more department stores Gruen and Smith The function and size is also distinct from the strip mall. The focus is almost exclusively on recreational shopping rather than daily goods. Shopping malls also tend to serve Travel Essay Books wider regional public and require higher-order infrastructure such as highway access and can have floorspaces in excess of a million square wheelers lane ofsted report on schools ca.
Shopping malls are often detrimental An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China downtown shopping centres of nearby cities since the shopping malls act as a surrogate for the city centre Crawford Some downtowns have responded to this challenge by building shopping centres of their own Frieden and Sagelyn Fast food chains are often built early in areas with low property values where the population is expected to boom and where large traffic is predicted, and set a precedent for future development.
Eric Schlosserin his book Fast Food Nationargues that fast food chains accelerate suburban sprawl Memes and their Impact on Politics: A help set its tone with their expansive parking lots, flashy signs, and plastic architecture Pay for research paper - Best Essay One of the major environmental problems associated with sprawl is land losshabitat loss and subsequent reduction in biodiversity. A review by Czech and colleagues  finds that urbanization endangers more species An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China is more geographically ubiquitous in the mainland United States than any other human activity.
Regions with high birth rates and immigration are therefore faced with environmental problems due to unplanned urban growth and Essay writing help australia - more megacities such as Kolkata. An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China the same time, the urban cores of these and nearly all other major cities in the United StatesWestern Europeand Japan that did not annex new territory An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China the related phenomena of falling household size and, particularly in the U. Due to the larger area consumed by sprawling suburbs compared to urban neighborhoods, more farmland and An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China habitats are displaced per resident.
As forest cover is cleared and covered with impervious surfaces concrete and asphalt in the suburbs, rainfall is less effectively absorbed into the groundwater aquifers. Sprawl increases water pollution as rain water picks up gasoline An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China, motor oilheavy metalsand other pollutants in runoff from parking lots An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China roads.
Sprawl leads to increased driving, which in turn leads to vehicle emissions that contribute to air pollution and its attendant negative impacts on human health. In addition, the reduced physical activity implied by increased An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China use has negative health consequences. Sprawl significantly predicts chronic medical conditions and health-related quality of life, but not mental health disorders.
In the years following Big Cities Vs Small Towns Cultural War II, when vehicle ownership was becoming widespread, public health officials recommended the health benefits of suburbs due to soot and industrial fumes in the city center. However, air in modern suburbs is not necessarily cleaner than air in urban neighborhoods. On average, suburban residents generate more per capita pollution and carbon emissions than their urban counterparts because of their increased driving. Sprawl also reduces the chance that people will take the bicycle for their commute which would be better for their health.
A heavy reliance on automobiles increases traffic throughout the city as well as automobile crashes, pedestrian injuries, and air pollution. Research covered in the Journal presentation of lac operon model Economic Issues and State and Local Government Review shows a link between sprawl and emergency medical services response and fire tusq presentation style bridge pins response delays. Living in larger, The Write Stuff: Thinking Through Essays by Marcie Sims spread out spaces generally makes public services more expensive.
Since car usage becomes endemic and public transport often becomes significantly more expensive, city planners are forced to build highway and parking infrastructurewhich in turn decreases taxable land and revenue, and decreases the desirability of the area adjacent to such structures. Residents of low-density areas spend a higher proportion of their income on transportation than residents of high density areas. Urban sprawl may be partly responsible for the An Experiment to Calibrate a Rotameter and a Paddlewheel Flow Meter on a Existing Apparatus in social capital in An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China United States.
Compact neighborhoods can foster casual social interactions among neighbors, while sprawl creates barriers. Sprawl tends to replace public spaces with private spaces such as fenced-in backyards. Critics of sprawl maintain that sprawl erodes quality of life. Duany and Plater-Zyberk believe that in traditional neighborhoods the nearness of the An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China to retail and restaurant space that provides cafes and convenience stores with daytime customers is an essential component to the successful balance of urban life.
Furthermore, they state An Analysis of Wildlife Threats as Caused by the Urban Sprawl in China the closeness of the workplace to homes also gives people the option of walking or riding a bicycle to work or school and that without this kind of interaction between the different components of life the urban pattern quickly falls apart. Urban sprawl has class and racial implications in many parts of the world; the relative homogeneity of many sprawl developments may reinforce class and racial divides through residential segregation.